Willowview Hill Farm

Welcome to Catskill Horse.

Welcome to The Merry Band at the Catskill Horse. We hope you enjoy browsing our bi-monthly online magazine.

In addition to our Directory of useful services and horse lover articles check out our latest features Hit the Hay Accommodation Guide, The Feed Bucket Restaurant Guide, Horse and Home Real Estate Guide, Stallion Directory and Equine Art at the Catskill Horse. Plus coming soon our shopping choice guide! Come join our Merry Band at the Catskill Horse. And don't forget to check in at our Facebook page for our weekly Giveaway contests.

  • ALFRED MUNNINGS By Amy McLaughlin ALFRED MUNNINGS By Amy McLaughlin Click on Image to Read Article
  • An Insider’s Look at Modular Barn Building with Horizon Structures By Nikki Alvin-Smith An Insider’s Look at Modular Barn Building with Horizon Structures By Nikki Alvin-Smith Click on Image to Read Article
  • The Gypsy Vanner in North Eastern U.S.A. By Nikki Alvin-Smith The Gypsy Vanner in North Eastern U.S.A. By Nikki Alvin-Smith Click on Image to Read Article
  • The Sophisticated Hunter Loves Creature Comforts By Nikki Alvin-Smith The Sophisticated Hunter Loves Creature Comforts By Nikki Alvin-Smith Click on Image to Read Article


Nikki Alvin-Smith

Editor's Welcome

The Fall is here and with it lots of new exciting horse events and programs. The formation of a new club for the Gypsy Vanner is well on its way in the North East and ‘the merry band at the Catskill Horse’ is pleased to bring you news of their first show September 30th/October 1st. Visit their website for all the details. It looks like a very busy show with classes for everyone to love.

If you love living in the mountains, or even the idea of living in the mountains, check out our article ‘The Sophisticated Hunter,’ (no, that’s not an oxymoron). There are a myriad of options to take advantage of the cheap land prices in Upstate New York, with cheap taxes and for you to make the dream of owning your own hunting abode a reality. Amish built quality homes and cabins from Zook Cabins, give you a budget friendly, stress free method of purchasing a home that is customized to your deign, and delivered to your property and finished on site in a matter of days by an expert crew. When you think about it, having a modern day hunter cabin means your whole family can enjoy it with you for fishing, hiking, weekend retreats and family gatherings even if they don’t join you and your friend for hunting season.

We are pleased to welcome back our resident art expert, Amy McLaughlin who brings us a wonderful look at the renowned English equine artist Alfred Munnings. As a frequent visitor to the art galleries of London, especially the Tate, when I was in my early twenties and worked at M.O.D. in London, I could often be found on a rainy weekend afternoon sitting beneath the equine art collections. The beauty in these art works captured home for me, and all that I missed living in a bustling city environment after growing up in the horsey neighborhood of Buckinghamshire. I missed my horses.

As thoughts turn with the leaves and falling temperatures to winter, we thought you might like to take a step inside to learn the wonders of modular barn building. If you are planning on a new structure you should visit Horizon Structures as we did in Lancaster County, PA and learn about the amazing variety of barns that are available. Horizon Structures truly is a one-stop shop, and they will be at Equine Affair in Springfield, MA, this November with not only a barn, a kennel and coop too. In an amazing display of transparency this company offers you direct access to their customers through a barn builder map. A great place to get started with your next project, and an opportunity to learn about the entire experience of design through delivery and set up from a customer and not from a salesperson. How neat is that.

Catskill Horse is on the move this month with a visit to Spain and Portugal. While we had planned to cover NEDA and HITS events we will instead be focusing our efforts on the Iberian breed and visiting with some elite yards on the Iberian peninsula and look forward to bringing you lots of news in our travelogue report next month.

Don’t forget to visit our Facebook page and enter for your chance to win a copy of the book Brain Taming for Riders. You can review the review on our Yay or Neigh page from Chelsea Smith, and come join the chat at the Catskill Equestrian Group too.

Enjoy the beautiful Fall riding weather.

Happy Riding.

Nikki Alvin-Smith
Catskill Horse Magazine
Publisher: Horse in a Kilt Media Inc.

On the Road? Shield Your Horse from Environmental Risks
Make biosecurity a priority before, during and after the event
On the Road? Shield Your HorseDULUTH, GA
Traveling to shows or other events where horses from near and far may congregate heightens the risk of exposure to infectious diseases. And as if exposure isn’t enough, higher-than-normal stress levels also contribute to the risk, according to Dr. Craig Shoemaker, DVM, MS, Equine Professional Services Veterinarian at Boehringer Ingelheim. “The stress of trailering, traveling, being in a new environment and working competitively takes a toll on a horse’s immune system,” he says, adding that proper vaccination protocol along with simple biosecurity measures can mitigate that risk.
Dr. Shoemaker suggests the following timeline for biosecurity measures with steps horse owners can take before, during and after an event to protect their athletes from these risks and keep them performing at their best. Read the Full Article....

Hay Season is Here

The Seven Deadly Sins of Hay Making

A reminder to everyone that is busy stocking their hay supply to be careful how you stack and what you stack in your barn. Hay that is baled to more than 14% moisture can easily spontaneously combust. Here is a super article from our archives on The Seven Deadly Sins of Haymaking that covers storage and offers lots of other hay advice. Please take a look.

Trucking, Horses…and Life
By Ann Jamieson
Trucking, Horses…and LifeAs horse people, most of us are also truckers, trucking our horses to shows, clinics and lessons. We pick up hay, shavings, grain, and other supplies in our trucks.
At Eastern Hay, we are truckers as well, delivering hay, shavings and grain to barns and horse shows throughout the northeast, and Florida. 
Truckers move the country. Trucks deliver raw materials from farms, mines and loggers to factories and from those factories trucks deliver products to wholesalers and retailers.  Almost every product we buy has traveled on a truck at one point.
Approximately 800,000 truckers move loads on our roads, ranging from food to building supplies to cars to, of course, supplies for our horses.
In order to realize just how important truckers are, imagine a truck strike. It would bring our entire economy to a halt. And the world, in most places. Trucks handle more cargo than trains, ships or planes. And they get that cargo to places no other mode of transportation could go. Take Prudhoe Bay for example. Or Fort Severn, a Cree First Nation community whose only link to the rest of the world is the “Wapusk Trail.” Read the full article...

Tme that Lizard BrainTame That Lizard Brain! Brain Training for Riders by Andrea Monsarrat Waldo

Enter for your chance to win a FREE copy of this useful book.


Step 1. Visit our Facebook page and post a comment on your favorite Thelwellian moment with your horse

Step 2. Give our Facebook page a like

Step 3. Share the link on your Facebook page


That’s it!



Catskill Horse Magazine Teams Up With Publisher Trafalgar Square Books, VT

FergusCatskill Horse is pleased to announce new titles from leading publisher of everything horse, Trafalgar Square Books, will be offered through the Catskill Horse Facebook page in a new “Win a Horse Book “competition.

Please watch our Facebook page!



Scholarship Opportuniy from the Reining Horse Foundation Scholarship

High school seniors who are members of the National Reining Horse Youth Association are encouraged to apply for scholarships made possible by the Reining Horse Foundation (RHF). Applications must be postmarked by May 1, 2017, for consideration. Seven academic and need-based scholarships will be awarded by an independent committee based upon applicants’ academic achievement, financial need, future goals and involvement with horses and NRHyA.
The scholarships range from $750 to $2,000, with three awarded at the highest level. Recipients in2016 included Megan D’Andrea of Fowler, Ohio; Amber Edmonds of Pepperell, Mass.; Holly Lansidel of McKenna, Wash.; Nicholas Muir of Lynnwood, Wash.; Shaelyn Vering of Scribner, Neb.; Jarid Walton of Coleman, Mich.; and Blair Willette of Haleiwa, Hawaii. Previous recipients are eligible to reapply.
Chairman of the foundation’s Scholarship Committee is NRHA Vice President and Foundation Board member Mike Hancock. He said, “The foundation is committed to this scholarship program and what it means to our youth and their future. We appreciate every donor who makes the program possible through their support of fundraising efforts.”
Additionally, scholarship opportunities are available to NRHyA members through Youth Team Tournaments and the Varsity Reining Club. For details, visit
For more information about the RHF Scholarship program, go to or You can call (405) 946-7400 to speak to NRHyA and RHF representatives about these programs.

Broodmare Nutrition During Late Gestation
With a rapidly growing unborn foal, the transition time from mid- to late-gestation can pose nutritional challenges for pregnant mares.
Up to 60 percent of an unborn foal’s growth happens during the last three months of pregnancy. As such, late gestation can pose nutritional challenges for pregnant mares.
Broodmare Nutrition During Late GestationComparatively, unborn foals grow very slowly (approximately 0.2 pounds per day) during the first seven to eight months of gestation, causing very little nutritional stress on the mare.
“Dry mares in early gestation can be fed like a mature, idle horse,” says Karen Davison, Ph.D., Director and Nutritionist for Equine Technical Solutions at Purina Animal Nutrition. “Good quality pasture or hay along with a ration balancer or vitamin/mineral supplement may be all that is necessary to meet the mare’s nutritional requirements.”
However, during the last 90 days of pregnancy, the fetus gains approximately 1 pound per day and has a significant impact on the mare’s nutritional requirements for protein, vitamins and minerals. 
Additionally, the increased size of the fetus takes up more room in the mare’s body cavity, which may result in the mare eating less hay or forage. This reduction in forage intake, coupled with increased nutritional demands of the pregnancy, requires mares to be supplemented with a nutritionally-balanced feed ration to meet total nutrient requirements. 
“Even in situations where forage alone is maintaining mares in acceptable body condition, it is important they receive quality concentrate supplementation,” advises Davison. “While good quality forage may be able to provide sufficient calories to maintain body condition of the mare, other nutrients such as protein, vitamins and minerals, will be deficient.” 

The ARK at JFK
By Ann Jamieson 
The ARK at JFK“Like a luxury, airside hotel for creatures great and small” greets you as you open the website for The ARK. And that’s exactly what it is. The only full-service animal reception facility in the U.S., open 24 hours a day, The ARK balances bio-security requirements with the care and compassion that animals on the road require: no easy task. But that’s the mission of the new facility which recently opened at JFK Airport.
The ARK serves many functions. Imported horses can step out of their jet stalls from the plane and right into The ARK, as airliners can taxi up to the building. Bloodwork is done immediately, and the horses will spend three days in secure quarters before being allowed to leave for their new home (as long as the bloodwork is all good). In addition, they are treated for parasites, ticks, bugs, and hoof and mouth disease.
Horses that come down with a fever or require Contagious Equine Metritis testing (for mares and stallions two years old and up) will need to move on to the Newburgh quarantine facility for further confinement before being allowed to leave.
Forty-eight quarantine stalls with separate air filtration, temperature and pressure controls, along with individual water systems, are available for incoming horses. These separate systems prevent illnesses passing from one horse to another. Everything fed to horses at The ARK must be USDA approved, and all waste is incinerated
Bio-security regulations for Export Alley, for horses leaving for homes abroad, are less strict. The export area contains 24 12 x 12 stalls, with larger ones available for mares and foals. Horses leaving for another country travel with a health certificate that the USDA receives and reviews, and in addition the horses are given an exam by the veterinarian to make sure those horses are fit to travel. Click here to read the full article.

Dr. Kellon’s Guidelines: Solid Nutrition and Healthy Hooves

Dr Kellon's GuidelinesDr. Eleanor Kellon says that faulty nutrition isn’t the only factor in hoof-quality problems, but it’s a big player, “While genetics and faulty care are also involved, adequate nutrition can make the difference between the hoof with a potential for problems, and one that actually develops them. The results will speak for themselves.”
The hoof’s nutritional needs are high because it is a very active tissue that is constantly growing and restructuring.  Dr. Kellon maintains that although trim and genetics are important factors, good nutrition also plays a vital role in hoof health with protein, fats, and minerals being the building blocks of healthy hoof nutrition.
“Inadequate protein, or a deficiency in the essential amino acid Methionine, limits the ability to produce the hoof wall's structural protein known as keratin,” Kellon explains. “Also necessary for keratin production are vitamin B6 and Folic Acid. In addition, Biotin has also been shown to be important for both good growth and quality, and Lysine is an often deficient amino acid that is very important in hoof protein.” 
Often overlooked, Kellon says that fat is also very important to hoof health and integrity. “Various fats and waxes fill the spaces between the keratinocytes. They give the outer layer of a healthy hoof a naturally slick feel and shine.  Fat plays a very important role as the ‘cement’ that holds cells together by forming protective seals that keep moisture outside the hoof, and moisture from the internal living structures from escaping.” 
Of the potential nutritional causes of poor hoof quality, trace mineral deficiencies are the most common. To correct this, Kellon suggests supplementing with balanced levels of Copper and Zinc in a supplement with low or zero levels of Manganese and Iron, which can compete for absorption of those minerals.
~Zinc is required for every step of cell activity in the hoof structure, as well as for forming the structural protein of the hoof wall. Zinc is also the most commonly deficient mineral in the United States and around the world. Studies have confirmed that low Zinc status results in slow hoof growth, weak connections, thin walls and weak horns.
~Copper is also required for enzymes that form the reinforcing protein cross-linkages in hoof tissue. Hoof issues linked to Copper deficiency include cracks, sole hemorrhages, abscesses, thrush and laminitis.
~Zinc and Copper together also play a key role in protecting the fatty layers of the hoof wall. Hooves, like fingernails, have a shine and slippery feel when healthy.  This comes from the fats incorporated in their outer structure that keep environmental moisture out but critical tissue moisture in.  Zinc and Copper are essential components of the antioxidant enzymes that protect those fats.

Catskill Horse thanks Uckele Health & Nutrition, maker of CocoSoya®, who offer several products that address deficiencies most often found in hooves.

How Much Do You Know About PPID?
We take a look at eight misconceptions you might have about PPID.

Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction, or PPID, has been called ‘equine Cushing’s disease’ by horse owners and veterinarians for years. As more information is learned about it, the clinical signs of PPID are becoming more recognizable in horses. However, there are still several other misconceptions or myths about the disease. We asked Steve Grubbs, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, equine technical manager for Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. (BIVI), to help dispel some of the most common misconceptions.   
1.  PPID is only a condition of the geriatric horse.  
“This is probably one of the most common myths about PPID,” Dr. Grubbs says. “We have been tracking epidemiological information on horses diagnosed with PPID, and have found that PPID affects horses of all breeds, and all ages, even as young as 5 years old.”  
Dr. Grubbs adds that it is important to monitor all horses for clinical signs of PPID. “Horse owners should perform frequent overall health checks looking for early signs of PPID. If you have concerns, consult your veterinarian. The earlier the diagnosis, the better,” he says.  
2.  Decreased athletic performance is not a clinical sign of PPID.  
One of the earliest signs of PPID, horses showing decreased athletic performance and/or lethargy could have an endocrine issue like PPID. Dr. Grubbs says, “Catching PPID early on can have a profound impact on how the horse responds to treatment before other signs appear.”  
3.  The overnight dexamethasone suppression test is the gold standard for the diagnosis of PPID.  
Once considered the best way to diagnose PPID, the overnight dexamethasone suppression test is no longer recommended by experts to test for PPID. “Instead we recommend using the resting adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) concentration test,” Dr. Grubbs says. “It is a simple blood test that your veterinarian can draw at any time during the day.”  
4.  Generalized hypertrichosis, or long hair all over the body, is the earliest clinical sign to use for diagnosing PPID.  
“Generalized hypertrichosis considered an advanced sign of PPID. “Early signs of PPID include regional hypertrichosis or patchy spots of long hair, delayed hair coat shedding, lethargy, decreased athletic performance and laminitis,” says Dr. Grubbs.  
5.  Signs of lameness, like tendon laxity and suspensory desmitis are not associated with PPID.  
While laminitis a well-known sign of PPID, until recently other signs of lameness have not been considered to be indicators of the disease. However, new research is indicating that other causes of lameness, particularly certain tendon issues and suspensory desmitis, may also be associated with horses with PPID.  
6.  For PPID diagnosis, resting ACTH cannot be used in the autumn time period.  
The resting ACTH concentration test can be used at any time of the year when you utilize seasonally-adjusted reference ranges. “The resting ACTH test is a simple blood test that your veterinarian can draw at any time,” Dr. Grubbs says. “The benefits to using this test include not only for diagnosis but also to monitor ACTH levels to know if treatment is working to decrease the levels.”  
7.  Horses can have only one endocrine disease, either PPID or equine metabolic syndrome (EMS), but not both at the same time.  
The diagnostic laboratory at Cornell University has amassed more than 3,000 samples to test for PPID from the IDPPID study. “Of those horses diagnosed with PPID, we found that 47 percent also had increased plasma insulin, which is an indication of EMS,” Dr. Grubbs says.  
With thanks to Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. for this article.

Western Dressage Collection & Second Level
By Donna Snyder-Smith
For Western dressage riders, the collection asked for at Second Level (Level 2) could prove to be a stumbling block. Historically, “collection” in Western horse gaits has been interpreted as a slowing of the horse through a reduction of energy or “impulsion.” While it will take a horse that is collected a bit longer to cover a measured distance than it would a horse who was moving in working jog, the difference is accomplished by a redirection of the energy, NOT reducing energy.  This is not a secret, but it is where traditional dressage and Western dressage tend to divide.   
Western traditionalists could point out that the Western horse has always been a working animal: work often required traveling vast distances, which meant riders spent a lot of hours in the saddle. It would only make sense that, if given a choice, a rider would prefer a horse whose movement was comfortable to sit on. One way to reduce the “bounce” in a horse's back is to decrease the amount of suspension in the horse's stride. The second way is to reduce impulsion (energy). This is what is commonly seen today in the Western dressage horse: reduced energy and slowed movement offer as “collection.” While reducing impulsion and suspension may make a horse easier to sit, it does not provide the basic education and physical strengthening the horse needs to produce correct Western dressage collection. Read the full article...

Show Smart – Be Aware of Virus Outbreaks
Horse trailer packed. Check. Tack cleaned. Check. Show clothes ready to go. Check.
You’re eager to hit the road for the next horse show, but do you know what could be waiting for you when you get there?  
With a lot to think about for show preparation, checking for equine disease outbreaks can often fall off the to-do list. While vaccinations are an essential part of maintaining equine health1 and helping show season go smoothly, it’s best to avoid a run-in with an infectious disease altogether.
Believe it or not, this year’s biggest threat is rabies. With over 400 cases of rabies reported in various animals, it is a danger that horse owners have to protect against. Texas has the highest number of reported rabies cases at 194 and counting, and most of those cases were bats. While you may not think heading to a show could expose your horse to rabies, wildlife such as raccoons, coyotes, and feral cats may often be found in and around barns and wooded show facilities. Rabies is preventable with vaccination – and in fact, the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) considers rabies a core disease for which all horses in the U.S. should be vaccinated. Once clinical signs develop, rabies is almost always fatal, since no treatment is currently available.
Another prominent threat, Equine Herpesvirus (EHV), has almost doubled this year from last. The virus has been reported 81 times, and more than 85 percent of outbreaks were reported in the Southwest part of the United States. That’s something to keep in mind when heading to shows in the area or if horses that have traveled to that area will be coming back into your barn.
EHV can spread through direct horse-to-horse contact and even indirectly through contact with contaminated objects. That means interactions with contaminated feed, equipment and tack, or human hands and clothing can spread the disease.
How to Check for Equine Disease Confirmations on
Before heading to your next show, check
1 View your Destination: Enter the ZIP code of your target location or scan the map for the red circle stamps indicating an alert.
2 Identify the Threat: Click the red circle to view location and disease carrier, or to alert a friend via Facebook.
3 Sign up for Alerts: Register for future alerts by entering your email and phone number. 
For more information on how to protect your horse from disease outbreaks please visit the American Association of Equine Practitioners
FAQ: Regarding Equine Herpesvirus (EHV).

Catskill Horse T-Shirts & Notebooks Now Available & Enter to Win $50 Gift Certificate from

Catskill Horse is pleased to announce that we now have T-Shirts, mugs and notebooks Catskill Horse T-Shirtwith our own arty design available for purchase to help spread the word.

Buy any one of our products - choose from our 100% cotton T's and email us a picture of you wearing it with your horse in the photo, or buy a mug or notebook and email us photo of you and your horse and the product in the picture and be automatically entered in our Fall contest. This is your chance to win a $50 gift certificate from, The International Equestrian Shop. The Horse Studio is a Stamford, New York based online equestrian store that offers the largest online selection of Mugsquality horse DVDs and books with hundreds of titles to choose from in addition to lots of tack and performance riding apparel and gifts. Please be sure to include your email address with your order to be entered in the contest.

Catskill Horse Notebook

T-Shirts are available in Womens Fitted S/M/L/Xl and Unisex S/M/L/XL/2XL for only $20 plus $6.50 S/H. If you are located in NY please add 8% sales tax.

Mugs: $12.95 plus $6.50 S/H. Please add 8% sales tax if you are located in NY.

These fun notebooks are available for $11.95 plus S/H fee of $2.00. Please also add 8% sales tax if located in NYS.

Checks should be payable to Horse in a Kilt Media Inc., and mailed to P.O. Box 404, Stamford, NY 12167. Please allow 1-2 weeks for delivery.







Vaccine Risks?

Here is some advice on what to look out for as your horse is administered vaccines this season. There have been reports of some serious adverse reactions this year, so be vigilant and ask your vet for their advice and specifically what adverse vaccine reports they have received through their channels.

It’s important to be able to distinguish between minor side effects and those reactions that warrant a call to your veterinarian.
Normal Responses
After intramuscular vaccination, it’s fairly common for horses to experience mild, temporary side effects for a few hours such as:
• Local muscle soreness or swelling
• Fatigue
• Fever
• Loss of appetite
• Lack of energy or alertness 
However, if the signs listed above last for more than 24 hours, you should consult your veterinarian as soon as possible to inform them of what is going on with the horse. This will allow your veterinarian to provide you with treatment advice and care instructions.
Causes for Possible Concern
Sometimes more serious side effects, and in some cases, life-threatening events, can occur, including:
• Hives
• Difficulty breathing
• Collapse
• Colic
• Swelling at the injection site several days post vaccination.
These more serious side effects are rare, but do require immediate consultation, and, in some cases, medical intervention.
Working with your veterinarian is the best way to ensure your horse is being evaluated based upon its particular needs. Many veterinarians follow the American Association of Equine Practitioners’ recommended guidelines for core vaccinations.  Veterinarians can also be helpful in determining the need for other risk-based vaccinations based on an assessment of your geographic threats and travel plans. They are also familiar with the proper handling and administering of vaccines, which is important because those handled improperly can actually become ineffective or may increase the risk of side effects.

CH note: This advice comes from a leading vaccine manufacturer and is provided in excerpts.

Careers in the Horse Industry
A Kind Offer.

Catskill Horse is pleased to have negotiated a special offer for its readers with the professional resume masters at Resume Specialist Services. Resume Specialist Services (RSS) will offer all Catskill Horse readers a special 10% discount off all their equine industry resume services. RSS

If you have just graduated from local equine studies programs, moved in to the area or find yourself without a job after years working in the industry due to the economic downturn then RSS can help. Resume packages are extremely reasonable. We thank them for the kind offer for our local equestrians. Please visit them at to learn more. Mention Catskill Horse at time of payment and they will refund you 10% of your package cost when they complete a powerful new resume for you.

As a specialist industry there are so many avenues in the horse world that there are probably careers you may not have even contemplated in your job search. Their packages include a one on one interview so your individual experience and skill sets can be analyzed and tips and ideas for new careers in the equestrian world are included. That's a sweet deal.

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While Catskill Horse has a staff of professional contributing writers/reporters/photographers, Catskill Horse is always interested in receiving submissions of articles and photos for publication from new writers. We can provide a photo or authorship credit for those works accepted. Please do not submit via mail - we prefer email submission. Send your ideas/articles/wrap up features/photos to us at marked attention Editorial. If accepted you will be notified via email.

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